Alexander Keith, Jr.

An HMS American Cultures collaborative production

Alexander "Sandy" Keith, Jr. worked as a confederate spy in the civil war. He was also a criminal in the nineteenth century. Keith was born in 1827 in Caithness, Scotland, and immigrated to Halifax, Nova Scotia with his family when he was a little boy. Keith worked as a secret agent for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. He once worked with Luke Blackburn and sent clothes infected with yellow fever to the Union States. In 1865, he was hunted down by one of his victims, so he fled with his wife Cecelia Paris to Germany. When they ran out of money, Alexander made his own bombs and blew up ships to collect the insurance money. In December 1875 one of his bombs accidentally blew up and killed eighty people. That was known as the "crime of the century".

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Alexander Keith, Jr