Battle of Chickamauga


an HMS American Cultures collaborative production


The Battle of Chickamauga was fought September 19 and 20, 1863. The battle was fought throughout northern Georgia, being one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War. This battle was named after West Chickamauga Creek located 3.5 miles away, finally flowing into the Tennesee River. It is often said that Chickamauga is a cherokee word meaning "river of death". The campaign that brought the Union and Confederate armies to Chickamauga began in late June 1863, when the Union Army of the Cumberland under Major General William S. Rosecrans advanced southwestward from Murfreesboro, Tennessee, against the Confederate Army of Tennessee, commanded by General Braxton Bragg. Rosecrans's goal was to capture the city of Chattanooga, Tennessee, an important rail junction and gateway to the Deep South. Through a series of successful and relatively bloodless turning movements, Rosecrans's army forced Bragg's troops to abandon middle Tennessee and fall back to Chattanooga. People say that this battle was the most significant union defeat of the civil war.

external image 300px-Rosecrans_and_Bragg.jpg
General Rosecran and general Bragg

Image Sources:

Battle of Chickamauga 3 June 2010, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chickamauga