C.S.S. Hunley

Css hunley on pier.jpg
Css hunley on pier.jpg

The Hunley, was a confederate submarine that played only a small part in the war, but it set the stage for future naval warfare. The hunley was a 40 foot long sub that had a single torpedo attached to a long pole at the front of the sub. The Hunley had many failed trials, and killed 21 men. But the Hunely finally performed a successful attack when it sunk the Housatonic, a union ship that was significant in blocking confederate ports to stop trade.

Horace Lawson Hunley was a Confederate marine engineer during the American Civil War. He developed early hand-powered submarines, the most famous of which was named for him, //H. L. Hunley//.
Though he was born in Tennessee, Hunley's parents relocated to New Orleans. Hunley served in the Louisiana State Legislature and practiced law in New Orleans. In 1861, after the start of the American Civil War, Hunley joined James R. McClintock and Baxter Watson in building the submarine //Pioneer//. In order to prevent her capture, she had to be scuttled when New Orleans fell to Union forces in early 1862.
After an unsuccessful attempt at building another submarine with McClintock and Watson, which ended in the vessel's sinking in Mobile Bay, Alabama, Hunley funded by himself a third submarine named in his honor.
Five men from the first crew of H. L. Hunley died during early tests when she was accidentally swamped by the wake of a passing ship through her open hatches; four managed to escape. A second crew was recruited in Charleston.
On October 15, 1863, though he was not part of the crew, Hunley decided to take command during a routine exercise. The vessel again sank, and this time all eight crew members were killed, including Hunley himself. The vessel was later raised and used again in the first successful sinking of an enemy vessel by a submarine in naval history.
Horace L. Hunley was buried with full military honors at Magnolia Cemetery in Charleston, South Carolina on November 8, 1863.

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